During late life operations of natural gas fields it becomes more difficult to meet the specification for discharging produced water. Hence TNO has jointly with ISPT initiated a program under the TKI-Gas to identify alternative technologies to address this issue. During 2013 several technologies are being evaluated to address this issue and as a follow-up, further development work of the selected technology, in preparation for a pilot test, preferably onshore, is proposed for 2014, in line with the original proposal.
The current proposal covers the development work / support for 2014, but excludes the actual pilot test. Water treatment solutions for the development of unconventional gas is explicitly excluded in this proposal. This is the subject of a parallel TKI Gas proposal and could be subject for further research in a joint TNO / ISPT proposal for 2015