SIA Partners presenteert Europese benchmark voor groen gas (biomethaan)

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TKI Nieuw Gas
benchmark groen gas

In het rapport wordt vastgesteld dat er in Europa eind 2019 718 installaties actief waren met een totale opwerkingscapaciteit voor biogas van bijna 700.000 Nm³/h. Dit komt overeen met 30 TWh aan groen gas op jaarbasis. Meer informatie is te vinden in het rapport

Hieronder zijn de belangrijkste resultaten in het Engels weergegeven.  

In total 718 biomethane operating units have been registered in the main European producing countries at the end of 2019. These installations have a total biogas upgrading capacity of 682,000 Nm³/h, i.e. a maximum of 30 TWh of biomethane per year. Most of these units inject into the national gas grids and are supplied with energy crops, organic or agricultural waste. The distribution of the units across countries is more and more uniform: large producers that have reached a certain level of development are receiving less subsidies and the fastest growing countries, such as France, Netherlands and Denmark, are following their footsteps.

Despite a minor inflection between 2016 and 2018, the sector registers a higher growth in 2019 with +12% of capacity over the year. This increase is driven by countries promoting the use of local agricultural units to produce biomethane. The Italian market develops its production installing large-capacity organic waste treatment plants. The COVID-19 crisis could slow down the sector's development in 2020, but the ongoing projects have not been cancelled and the governments have taken action to limit the impact of the crisis. The first signs are encouraging, such as in France, where 62 new units have been commissioned in 2020.

Most mature countries are transitioning from feed-in tariffs to tendering systems that encourage the industry to reduce its costs and be less dependent on support mechanisms. Some countries are also ending investment subsidies to only stimulate demand for biomethane through quota systems or exemptions from consumption taxes. Meanwhile, an increasing number of national registers tracking biomethane production have been implemented, enabling the development of Guarantees of Origin (G.O.) markets. While several countries, including France, are revising their G.O. systems, the REGATRACE project (June 2019 – May 2022) aims to implement a centralized European system to emit and share Guarantees of Origin. It would allow the national registries to take other countries G.O. into account as of June 2020 and would be compliant with the guidelines of the RED II European directive.