This program line consists of two topics:
- Multi-Functional Space Use in Offshore Wind Farms
- Improving the Ecological Value of Offshore Wind Farms
1. Multi-Functional Space Use in Offshore Wind Farms
The North Sea is one of the busiest seas in the world with regards to shipping, and besides transport there are many other activities taking place, such as commercial fishing. Scaling up offshore wind energy can interfere with current and future use of the North Sea by other users. Wind farms are currently taking up only 0.2% of the Dutch North Sea, but this is projected to grow with a factor of 100 to 20-25% in 2050. The innovation program aims at minimising the negative effects on other users and find solutions to use the space within wind farms optimally, for example by combining offshore wind with floating solar energy.
2. Improving the Ecological Value of Offshore Wind Farms
Scaling up offshore wind energy will have a significant impact on other users, but also on the ecology of the North Sea e.g. the impact on birds and underwater noise impact on sea mammals. Wind farm developers and governments are required to observe limitations set by the EU’s Birds and Habitats directives. Nevertheless, wind farms can also have a positive contribution on the ecology, with algae, mussels, and oysters growing on wind turbine foundations and scour protection. By mitigating the negative effects and strengthening positive effects, TKI Wind op Zee hopes to contribute to a net positive effect of offshore wind farms on the ecology in the North Sea.
In the program document you can find an overview of all program lines and research topics.