The energy transition is a sociatal challenge that puts a high demand on the innovative capacity of the economy and society in all industry sectors. Innovation has been identified as beingessential to the success of the Climate Agreement. The Integral Knowledge and Innovation Agenda (IKIA) that has been drawn up for this includes the development of knowledge and product innovation to achieve the goal of reducing national greenhouse gas emissions by 49% in 2030 and 95% in 2050 compared to 1990.
This goal leads to the following mission statements:
A. A completely CO2-free electricity system in 2050
B. A CO2-free built environment in 2050
C. A climate-neutral industry with the reuse of raw materials and products in 2050
D. Emission-free mobility for people and goods in 2050
E. A net climate-neutral agriculture and nature system in 2050
The IKIA consists of 13 Multi-annual Mission-driven Innovation Programs (MMIPs) that give direction to specific development objectives; offshore renewable energy is one of these. These programs create a longer term perspective that is required for investment in research and innovation.
MMIP Offshore Renewable Energy
Of these 13 Multi-annual Mission-driven Innovation Programs, MMIP 1 focuses on offshore renewable energy.
This MMIP focuses on enabling the required scale up for offshore renewable energy, especially offshore wind energy. For the longer term innovation in offshore solar energy is also included: offshore solar energy has a very large potential and is at the start of its development with R&D focusing primarily on technical and economic feasibility.
For offshore wind it is evident that the required scale up is not fully possible with the current technology and methods. The upscaling runs into bottlenecks such as costs, construction rate, spatial planning, safety (e.g. shipping), ecology and integration of very large amounts of electric power in the energy system.
The innovation task of this MMIP lies in resolving those bottlenecks through three sub-programs and associated innovation themes:
1. Cost reduction and optimization (safe and affordable upscaling)
- Zero breakdown & Robotization
- Optimal Wind Farm Design
- Next Gen WTG
- Balance of Plant optimization
- Floating Solar
2. Integration into the energy system (including storage and conversion)
- Future Offshore Energy Infrastructure
- Offshore Wind On Demand
- Off-grid Offshore Wind Farms
3. Integration in the environment (ecology and multi-use)
- Net Positive Contribution to the Ecology
- Multi-Use or Offshore Wind Farms
- Zero-Emission Circular Offshore Wind Farm
Within these themes, the MMIP works on technical, social, spatial, ecological, economic and institutional change issues on all TRLs. For the short term (results within 5 years) the emphasis is mainly on making smart incremental innovations available for acceleration, acceptance and safety. For the medium term (results available in the period up to 2030), structural innovations are needed for further cost reduction and the integration in the energy system and environment, such as increasing the capacity factors of wind farms, new foundation technology, digitisation and robotisation of installation and maintenance. For the longer term (technology available after 2030), potential breakthroughs are being investigated such as off-grid wind farms, airborne wind, offshore solar energy and ocean energy.